Awards

$125K

High Efficiency Microchannel Sabatier Reactor System for In Situ Resource Utilization

Phase 1 SBIR

Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Topic: 11-1-X1.01
Budget: 01/01/12 - 12/31/12
PI: James R. Akse

An innovative Microchannel Sabatier Reactor System (MSRS) is proposed for 100% recovery of oxygen (as water) and methane from carbon dioxide (CO2), a valuable in situ resource available in the atmosphere or as frozen deposits on Mars and other Near Earth Objects (NEOs), using hydrogen. The Sabatier reaction will greatly benefit from inherently ...

$125K

Highly Efficient Fecal Waste Incinerator

Phase 1 SBIR

Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Topic: 11-1-X3.02
Budget: 01/01/12 - 12/31/12
PI: John T. Holtsnider

Volume reduction is a critical element of Solid Waste Management for manned spacecraft and planetary habitations. To this end, the proposed fecal waste incinerator may be utilized to completely mineralize feces to harmless inorganic substances such as CO2 and water. These products may then be rerouted to the ECLSS processes for hydrogen CO2 re...

$100K

Plasma Catalytic Extraction of Oxygen from the Martian Atmosphere

Phase 1 SBIR

Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Topic: 10-1-X1.02
Budget: 01/01/11 - 12/31/11
PI: Richard R. Wheeler Jr.

Plasma catalytic techniques are proposed for the extraction of oxygen from the abundant carbon dioxide contained in the Martian atmosphere (95% CO2).. The Phase I project will clearly demonstrate the feasibility of achieving these goals by focussing on key aspects of the technology, such as efficient microwave plasma catalytic conversion at rel...

$100K

Advanced Air Evaporation System with Reusable Wicks for Water Recovery

Phase 1 SBIR

Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Topic: 10-1-X3.01
Budget: 01/01/11 - 12/31/11
PI: James R. Akse

A microgravity-compatible Advanced Air Evaporation System (AAES) is proposed for recovering nearly 100% of water from highly contaminated wastewater without concern for precipitation of organic and inorganic solids. The AAES incorporates reusable wicks, and heat exchange and thermoelectric heat pump technologies which reduce Equivalent System M...

$100K

Regenerative Bosch Reactor

Phase 1 SBIR

Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Topic: 10-1-X3.01
Budget: 01/01/11 - 12/31/11
PI: James R. Akse

Oxygen (O2) contained within waste carbon dioxide (CO2) is a vital resource during long-duration, manned missions that must be reclaimed by Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) hardware. Current CO2 reduction technology to recapture oxygen as water utilizes the Sabatier reaction, in which, two moles of water and one mole of met...

$600K

Advanced Aqueous Phase Catalyst Development using Combinatorial Methods

Phase 2 SBIR

Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Topic: 09-2-X2.02
Budget: 01/01/11 - 12/31/11
PI: James R. Akse

Combinatorial methods are proposed to develop advanced Aqueous Oxidation Catalysts (AOCs) with the capability to mineralize organic contaminants present in effluents from current and future primary wastewater treatment processes at temperatures less than 70Â?aC, pressures below 20 psig, and contact times under 30 minutes. The Phase II effort wi...

$100K

Advanced Aqueous Phase Catalyst Development using Combinatorial Methods

Phase 1 SBIR

Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Topic: 10-1-X2
Budget: 01/01/10 - 12/31/10
PI: James R. Akse

The use of combinatorial methods is proposed to rapidly screen catalyst formulations for the advanced development of aqueous phase oxidation catalysts with greater activity than current catalysts at temperatures less than 100

$600K

Brine Dewatering Using Ultrasonic Nebulization

Phase 2 SBIR

Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Topic: 10-2-X2
Budget: 01/01/10 - 12/31/10
PI: James R. Akse

Recovery of water from brine is critically important for future manned space exploration. Resupply of water is prohibitively costly for such extended missions. Water reclamation processes typically recover 90-95% of the water present in wastewater formed by combining urine, hygiene water, and humidity condensate with the remaining concentrated...

$150K

SBIR Phase I: Heterogeneous Catalysts for Biodiesel Production in Microreactors

Phase 1 SBIR

Agency: National Science Foundation
Topic: BT6-2010
Budget: 01/01/10 - 12/31/10
PI: James R. Akse

This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project proposes to develop highly active heterogeneous catalyst coatings for microreactors to reduce biodiesel production and environmental costs. This effort will improve biodiesel's economic competitiveness and reduce our dependence on foreign oil. Conventional biodiesel production utilizes ho...

$100K

Regenerable Lunar Airborne Dust Filter

Phase 1 SBIR

Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Topic: 09-1
Budget: 01/01/09 - 12/31/09
PI: James E. Atwater

Effective methods are needed to control pervasive Lunar Dust within spacecraft and surface habitations. Once inside, airborne transmission is the primary mode of dispersion. Inhalation of this fine powder may pose a serious health risk. Lunar dust may cause degradation of materials, interfere with proper operation of instrumentation & controls,...

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