a/LCI Optical Biopsy System

Period of Performance: 09/29/2007 - 12/30/2008

$134K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Southeast Techinventures, Inc.
PO Box 13714
Durham, NC 27709
Principal Investigator

Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of this research is to create a commercial prototype of a new optical biopsy system based on angle-resolved Low Coherence Interferometry (a/LIC). A/LCI is a novel optical technique that uses interferometric detection of elastically scattered light to probe the nuclear morphology of esophageal epithelium. The ability of a/LCI to obtain quantitative measurements of cellular characteristics, such as nuclear size and optical density, without the need for either exogenous stains or fixatives, makes it an excellent candidate to become a screening tool for in vivo detection of pre-cancerous tissue states such as intraepithelial neoplasia. As its name implies, a/LCI detects the angular distribution of scattered light using a low-coherence interferometer. The technique enables selective detection of the optical field scattered from a small region within probed tissue by exploiting the coherence properties of broadband light. The ability to probe sub-surface cellular morphology is especially important for detecting pre- cancerous changes in epithelial tissues, where changes in the basal cell layer, approximately 100 5m beneath the surface are the most important diagnostic of tissue health. The long-range goal of this research is to create a new a/LCI-based biomedical diagnostic product for the purpose of endoscopically identifying and monitoring neoplastic transformations in humans. The research plan, proposed here, will create a prototype which can be applied in clinical studies to evaluate the feasibility of using a/LCI for tissue screening and surveillance by achieving the following milestones: (1) constructing a new a/LCI system prototype capable of rapid data acquisition through a coherent fiber bundle, (2) advancing the prototype design by implementing a novel fiber probe geometry suitable for application during endoscopic procedures, and (3) testing the functionality of the new prototype by examining ex vivo tissue sample from a rat model for esophageal cancer.The objective of this research is to develop a new instrument for detecting early stage cancer in human epithelial tissues based on a novel optical spectroscopic technique, The proposed a/LCI instrument will serve as a guide to biopsy for clinicians, enabling evaluation of tissue health in situ, prior to tissue removal. This technique has the potential to greatly improve upon the current method of random biopsy for screening for and surveillance of early stage epithelial cancers.