Purified Serotonin Receptors for Structural Studies

Period of Performance: 12/06/2006 - 05/31/2007

$288K

Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Polgenix, Inc.
Cleveland, OH 44106
Principal Investigator

Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Serotonin (5-HT) is a neurotransmitter that has been implicated in the aetiology of numerous Mental Health disorders, including depression, anxiety, social phobia, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive and panic disorders, migraine, and eating disorders. There are 12 5-HT receptor subtypes with similar recognition properties yet widely divergent physiological roles that belong to the same family of G Protein Coupled Receptors (GPCRs), hindering the discovery of subtype-selective drugs. Knowledge of the 3-dimensional structure of these receptors would enable the design of selective drugs. However, solving the structure at atomic resolution of membrane proteins such as GPCRs has been hampered by the difficulty to purify sufficient amounts of homogeneous and functional protein. Here, it is proposed a novel, proprietary expression system combined with a purification method to generate large amounts of high quality purified receptor, which could solve the bottleneck for structural elucidation of these important drug targets. Our goal is to generate large amounts of purified homogenous receptor sample for each one of the 12 human 5-HT receptor subtypes. This high quality purified material will be a highly valuable product enabling structural elucidation of these receptors.