Enhanced Carotid Bifurcation Phantom for Mri/a

Period of Performance: 09/01/2000 - 07/31/2001


Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Phantoms by Design, Inc.
Bothell, WA 98012
Principal Investigator


Non invasive MR evaluation of the carotid artery wall and lumen is hampered by the lack of a comprehensive and anatomically correct commercially available flow phantom. The objective of this project is to develop an advanced artificial carotid artery flow phantom for use in developing MRI applications to identify patients at risk for transient ischemic attack or strokes due to atherosclerotic carotid artery disease. This phantom combines the best features of existing technologies with: innovative vessel design based on image data (Aim 1), elastic wall and matrix materials and advanced wall layering construction methodology (Aim 2) to produce flexible thin walled branching flow phantoms. Branching vessels are anatomically accurate and will exhibit proper vessel distention and translation under pulsatile flow (Aim 3). Technology developed in Phase I will support variable wall elasticity to properly mimic atherosclerotic lesions. In Phase II, we focus on optimizing component materials and procedures identified in Phase I in anticipation of constructing advanced flow phantoms for Phase III clinical trials. A comprehensive flow phantom will be critical for the development, validation and training of medical personnel on using state of the art MRI screening protocols for atherosclerotic carotid artery disease. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS: The magnitude of the clinical need for a non invasive means to identify patients at risk and stage carotid artery surgery is so large and the commercial availability of adequate MR tools so limited as to create a lucrative market niche for highly advanced anthropomorphic flow phantoms targeted at cerebrovascular disease. Products developed from this project will address current and future needs in clinical research, QA, and personnel training applications.