Artificial Neural Network Software for Early Detection O

Period of Performance: 05/07/1999 - 10/31/1999

Unknown

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Horus Global Healthnet, Inc.
Hilton Head, SC 29928
Principal Investigator

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer in the US. For most patients, the disease is first diagnosed at an advanced stage, and the 5-year survival rate is low (<30%). Despite incremental improvement in chemotherapy, the cure rate has not improved significantly in the past decades. The dramatic difference in long-term survival between patients with local disease (80-90%) and those with distant metastases (5- 20%) suggests the need for a non-invasive, yet effective test applicable to at-risk population groups to detect ovarian cancer in early stages. Building upon prior research in differentiating malignant from benign ovarian masses, this project seeks to apply artificial neural network (ANN) technology to the problem of screening for early-stage ovarian cancer based a variety of serum markers and other clinical inputs. Phase I will constitute a pilot project that assesses feasibility by (l) assembling existing data from collaborating organizations, (2) analyzing the predictive value of relevant biomarkers, (3) developing a preliminary ANN, and (4) validating the ANN using independent test data. If successful in Phase I, Phase II activities will be proposed to develop a production version of the screening system and initiate broad-scale validation through multiple clinical studies. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS: ANN software capable of detecting early-stage ovarian cancer with sufficient improvement in specificity, sensitivity, and predictive value over alternative techniques would have clear commercial value in screening high-risk populations. Horus presently offers as a commercial product an Internet based clinical information processing service, called ProstAsure, developed using ANN technology, for the detection of prostate cancer.