Rapid and Robust Dynamics-based Nondestructive Method to Monitor Structural Health

Period of Performance: 09/01/2004 - 06/01/2005

$100K

Phase 1 STTR

Recipient Firm

Millennium Dynamics Corp.
5860 Bridgemont Place
Acworth, GA 30101
Principal Investigator

Research Institution

Georgia Institute of Technology
225 North Ave NW
Atlanta, GA 30332
Institution POC

Abstract

The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of detecting damage in structures using Laser Doppler Vibrometry (LDV) and further lead to the development of a robust aerospace structural health monitoring system. The proposed concept is based on use of LDV to measure velocities and displacements associated with high frequency operational deflection shapes as well as lamb waves. Anomalies and changes in the measured displacement maps are then identified through intelligent data processing techniques that can be used to locate and characterize the extent of the associated damage. The underlying principle of the proposed damage detection methodology relies on the evaluation of changes in displacement amplitudes, curvatures and energy distributions associated with high frequency vibrations and wave propagation phenomena. The proposed research is supported by preliminary theoretical and experimental work which clearly demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed techniques and the potential of their integration. The ideal scenario for the ultimate usage of the LDV based damage detection technique would be the injection of small amounts of energy into the structure and then determining the damage status of the structure in a brief time span. The proposed techniques will provide the necessary building blocks for such a scenario.