Photonic "nose" for chemo- and bio-agent detection: a novel surface enhanced Raman approach

Period of Performance: 09/02/2003 - 09/02/2004

$100K

Phase 1 STTR

Recipient Firm

Vescent Photonics
14998 W 6th Ave # 700 Array
Golden, CO 80401
Firm POC
Principal Investigator

Research Institution

University of Colorado Boulder, Jila
University of Colorado 440 UCB
Boulder, CO 80309
Institution POC

Abstract

Surface enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) has great potential as a tool chemical and biological detection. First, ultra-sensitivity is provided by remarkable Raman enhancement factors (>10^14); even delving into the ultimate limit for any sensor, single molecule detection. Second, since Raman scattering does not require a fluorescent analyte, SERS offers great generality in the range of detectable target molecules. Third, high-resolution Raman spectroscopic "fingerprints" provide excellent specificity, i.e., the ability to uniquely identify and discriminate amongst numerous target and non-target contaminant molecules (for larger bio-molecules Raman "tags" can be incorporated into highly specific receptor molecules). In order to capitalize on this potential, however, one requires a synthesis technique and manufacturing protocol for reliable, reproducible and quantitative "SERS-active" detection sites, all in a form factor suitable for integration with other sensor elements. The primary focus of the phase I effort will be to assess the applicability of new photo-generated SERS-active synthesis techniques for sensor applications. Additionally, potential designs for a phase II detection system will be constructed and assessed. Ultra-sensitive chemical and biological detection would provide enabling performance improvements in numerous and varied applications. Examples range from environmental monitoring, to detection of chemical and biological weapons, to unearthing of land-mines and unexploded ordnances, to medical breath analysis, and to industrial monitoring of leaks in subterranean pipes or storage tanks (only trace quantities of leaked chemicals migrate to the surface for detection). The inherent importance of these applications, which are only a few of many, illustrates the magnitude of potential benefits resulting from the advancement of ultra-sensitive chemical detection technology.