Secure Software Platform for Real-Time Software Anti-Tamper

Period of Performance: 05/02/2006 - 11/30/2006


Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Luna Innovations, Inc.
301 1st St Suite 200
Roanoke, VA 24011
Principal Investigator


Software reverse engineering has become a science of well-defined methods, tools, and philosophies. Known approaches - such as white-box, black-box, and gray-box attacks - and highly-intricate tools - such as debuggers, decompilers, and disassemblers - can be combined to reveal the secrets of software intellectual property and to steal once-secret code and data. Current approaches to software anti-tamper protection that utilize software mechanisms for security have proven largely ineffective when attacked by a well-funded enemy. The complexity of software anti-tamper approaches often lead to coding errors that have been exploited by disciplined attackers. In the case of real-time embedded software utilized by the Missile Defense Agency, the attacker could be a wealthy foreign government with a great deal of expertise, personnel, and resources. Luna Innovations will develop the Secure Software Platform (SSP) to protect real-time embedded software through robust hardware-accelerated software anti-tamper mechanisms. By leveraging the advantages of a hardware-assisted approach - better performance, better security, and reduced overall complexity - Luna expects to create a solution that significantly increases the required cost and time for a software reverse engineering effort. The SSP, which will play the central role in Luna's multi-layered approach to anti-tamper security, will enable robust security while maintaining easily characterized real-time performance.