Transparent, Conformable Miniature Phosphorescent OLED Displays

Period of Performance: 01/02/2003 - 01/02/2005


Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Universal Display Corp.
375 Phillips Blvd
Ewing, NJ 08618
Principal Investigator

Research Topics


The goal of this U.S. Army SBIR Program is to develop conformable, transparent, low power displays for Helmet Mounted Display (HMD) systems. Universal Display Corporation (UDC) is developing advanced organic light emitting diode (OLED) technology based on their proprietary high-efficiency phosphorescent devices. For HMDs, OLEDs can simplify the optical design and number of elements, reducing weight, size and cost for improved human factors and user acceptance. UDC has also developed expertise in the design, development and fabrication of transparent OLEDs (TOLEDTM), and flexible OLEDs (FOLEDTM). Phase II will extend Phase I to demonstrate key components of a transparent, conformable active matrix OLED (AMOLED) display. We will fabricate demonstration devices with low address line resistivity and high optical transmissivity, using technology compatible with low temperature conformable substrates. We will deliver monochrome video-rate transparent AMOLED displays, and address their fabrication enabling conformability in 2 dimensions, with a target radius of curvature of 10cm. To the best of our knowledge, these deliverables will represent the first demonstration of these novel technologies, and in combination will advance OLED display technology in new directions, enabling a truly revolutionary emissive display -- a high efficiency, high resolution transparent and conformable AMOLED display for advanced HMD applications. The successful outcome of this Program will create myriad benefits in a variety of potential military and commercial applications. It will provide the U.S Army with a clearly demonstrated technology path for transparent, conformable displays for HMD applications. Beyond current U.S. Army application, HMDs are increasingly being designed into industrial, medical and, even, consumer applications where conformable, transparent displays offer desirable features. Additionally, transparency and conformability have the potential to create a host of novel display products and market opportunities beyond those currently envisioned for existing display markets. For example, these include avionic and automotive applications for conformed instrument panel displays and windscreen-integrated head-up displays. Moreover, replacing glass with plastic substrates improves ruggedness and safety in addition to reducing weight, extremely attractive features in these applications. Transparency enables overlay displays to be incorporated into cockpits and automobile windshields. Display Search now projects a $1.7B billion market for OLEDs in 2005, growing to $2.8B in 2007. By developing all the key technology components necessary to fabricate these displays, the UDC team through the work under this Program, expects to commercialize these technologies for military and commercial applications through joint ventures and licensing partnerships with established flat panel display manufacturers.