Integrating Tools, Organizations, and Information to Optimize Effects-Based Command and Control

Period of Performance: 07/10/2001 - 08/01/2005


Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Array
Woburn, MA 01801
Principal Investigator


The increasing complexity and tempo of modern warfare, combined with unparalleled advances in computer power and network connectivity, have set the stage for the emerging concept of Effects-Based Operations (EBO). EBO is being tested in exercises (e.g. Global '00), and an initial set of tools to support EBO have been developed (e.g. CAT, CEASAR II). In this SBIR phase II, we capitalize on the theoretical advances in EBO concepts, our experience in observing EBO in action, and existing EBO-support tools to deliver a seamless integration of the EBO approach into COA development, analysis, adjustment, and mission assessment. Tools that truly support EBO must be based on a detailed understanding of the organizational structure and processes for information gathering, information fusion, COA development, and command decision making that allow EBO to occur. The proposed phase II effort will produce an innovative tool to support EBO. Key enhancements to existing capabilities, evaluated and demonstrated in Phase I, will include seamless integration of timinig factors into Influence Models, and the capability to display predicted temporal effects dynamically. The tool will be based on, and coupled with, analysis of the organizational processes by which EBO is put into practice.