A Safer Cardiac, Abuse Deterrent Formulation of Methadone

Period of Performance: 09/15/2017 - 02/28/2018

$150K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Academic Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
LAKE BLUFF, IL 60044
Principal Investigator

Abstract

Project Summary Methadone is a synthetic opioid used to treat pain and as maintenance therapy for opiate addicted individuals. Methadone does not have the euphoric properties of morphine and thus is less addictive. Its use in the treatment of both acute and chronic pain, thus offers advantage. However, limiting methadone?s clinical use is its prolongation of the cardiac cell?s repolarization time, manifested as QT prolongation which is associated with ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. Female patients are especially at risk due to an already longer repolarization time than in men. Additionally, low serum potassium, cardiac ion channel abnormalities, as well as low magnesium can increase the patients risk when taking methadone. We have found in pre-clinical studies that the R-isomer of methadone causes significantly less QT prolongation, reducing arrhythmia risk. Given the potential for lethal arrhythmias, methadone poses a serious public health problem with potentially tens of thousands of patients at risk. R-methadone would be a safer alternative for pain therapy. This proposal entails studying an abuse deterrent formulation of methadone as to its pharmacokinetic properties. Studies would be initiated in Beagle dogs to evaluate kinetics along with QT effects of R-methadone as contrasted to R,S methadone(the standard mixture available for therapeutic use in the U.S.). These studies will initiate the development of a cardiac safer formulation of methadone that could not be tampered with and that would be safer for patients, especially women and those with potassium channelopathies, or patients with hypokalemia, or hypomagnesemia.