Virtual Patient Behavioral Response Training for Family Caregivers

Period of Performance: 09/01/2017 - 08/31/2018

$281K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Photozig, Inc.
Moffett Field, CA 94035
Principal Investigator

Abstract

Project Summary The main cause of behavioral symptoms in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the deterioration of brain cells which causes an decline in the individual's ability to make sense of the world. Coping with such difficult behaviors is challenging for many caregivers, and it is associated with many distressful situations. Despite current knowledge of adverse effects of dementia on families, dementia caregivers remain the hidden patients with high incidence of stress (60%) and depression (30%). The physical and emotional impact of dementia caregiving is estimated to $9.7 billion in health care costs in the United States (2014). ?In separate studies, hospitalization and emergency department visits were more likely for dementia caregivers who helped care recipients who were depressed, had low functional status, or had behavioral disturbances.? The stress of dementia caregiving is influenced by several factors, such as severity of dementia symptoms, how challenging distressful situations are perceived by caregivers, and available resources. Although information and programs about dementia are available to the public, an essential missing tool is how to deal with difficult behaviors of dementia patients in an effective manner, as they are very common and demanding. The goal of this Phase I project is to develop the Virtual Patient Behavioral Response (VPBR) training to improve skills on how to respond to dementia behavioral problems and enhance caregiver coping. We will implement this training in a mobile app (Caring Response App, CRA). The expected benefits include improved psychological health in caregivers and reduced stress related to behavioral disturbances of AD patients. Key innovations include: (1) integration of virtual patient techniques in a mobile app for dementia caregivers; (2) anonymous sharing of real responses and techniques used by caregivers in day-to-day situations; and (3) automated content update to users through an advanced ?crowdsourcing? of caregiving knowledge (after being ?curated? by project personnel) to promote best practices that caregivers found helpful. In partnership with the Alzheimer?s Association, Stanford University, and caregivers, we will determine the curriculum of the new program. Focus groups involving caregivers will inform the project and explore caregiver attitudes towards virtual patient training, mobile app usage, and sharing helpful tips on how to deal with difficult behaviors. A prototype will be developed and tested with dementia caregivers to establish the feasibility of the approach in Phase I. The results will guide the Phase II development of a novel intervention that integrates virtual patient behavioral response, aggregation of community shared experience, effective training on difficult dementia behaviors, and a mobile app to be deployed to millions of families struggling with Alzheimer?s. Commercial Opportunity: VPBR training will be available to dementia caregivers (~15 Million people in US) as a mobile app subscription. This model has been very successful with our current mobile apps in App Stores.