PHASER ? Pluridirectional High-energy Agile Scanning Electronic Radiotherapy

Period of Performance: 03/17/2017 - 03/16/2018

$225K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Tibaray, Inc.
854 Lathrop Drive Array
Stanford, CA 94305
Principal Investigator
Principal Investigator

Abstract

PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT The mission of TibaRay, Inc. is to develop and clinically translate next-generation radiation therapy technologies for the treatment of cancer, the single leading cause of death worldwide and increasing epidemically. A major advance in radiation therapy (RT) that has increased its curative potential and decreased side effects is the ability to sculpt radiation doses exquisitely in 3D to conform to tumors and spare surrounding normal organs. This dose sculpting is achieved by delivering radiation beams to the tumor from multiple directions, each of which has an optimized spatial intensity distribution. However, the fastest treatment times are still minutes long, limited by both beam intensities in electron linacs and the mechanical systems that are used to direct and shape the treatment beams. To address these major shortcomings of current state-of-the-art radiation delivery systems, TibaRay is proposing a radical new design for RT systems, Pluridirectional High-energy Agile Scanning Electronic Radiotherapy (PHASER), based on patented, novel technologies to produce intensity-modulated therapeutic energy x-ray beams from multiple directions using no mechanical systems to direct or shape the treatment beams. This is achieved by using an array of novel electron linacs each of which uses a magnetic electron beam scanning scheme paired with an extended bremsstrahlung target and multi-channel collimator array system referred to as Scanning Pencil-array-collimated High Speed Intensity-modulated X-ray source (SPHINX). The multiple linacs obviate the need to move a single linac on a gantry to achieve different beam directions and SPHINX eliminates the need for mechanical moving parts, e.g., multi-leaf collimators (MLCs), for therapy beam shaping. Each of the novel linacs used in PHASER are far more efficient and will generate more beam than conventional medical linacs. In the full PHASER design, it is estimated that the treatment time can be reduced to less than one second, effectively freezing physiological motion. The novel accelerator technology uses much simpler manufacturing techniques and production costs for PHASER are projected to be about the same as current state-of-the-art systems and maintenance/downtime costs should be lower. Initial proof of principle for the subsystems needed for PHASER have been demonstrated. TibaRay, in partnership with the Stanford University Department of Radiation Oncology and the SLAC National Acceleratory Laboratory, proposes to design (Phase I), build and test, and optimize a two-beam PHASER prototype (Phase II). In Phase III, TibaRay will develop the full PHASER prototype which will lead directly to commercialization and clinical translation. Our novel technology will help fill a tremendous worldwide need for high-quality, cost-effective radiation therapy for cancer.