An integrative multi-phenotype pipeline for drug evaluation, pharmacogenomics, and attribute prediction

Period of Performance: 03/01/2017 - 08/31/2017

$225K

Phase 1 STTR

Recipient Firm

Phenvogen, LLC
DEL MAR, CA 92014
Principal Investigator

Abstract

PROJECT SUMMARY The process of drug discovery is costly and many promising compounds fail during clinical trials. By then, expenses upward of $500 million dollars per failed drug may have incurred and these financial risks hamper research efforts and ? ultimately ? reduce the availability of treatment options. In this research proposal we are using systematic approaches to map the relationships between drugs, genes, and phenotypes, i.e. the ability of a drug to elicit a certain molecular response in a cell with a specific gene mutation. These efforts aim at generating three important insights: (1) By performing these mapping systematically across many drugs and many phenotypes we generate phenotypic profiles that can aid in the classification of new compounds, enabling us to predict how well these compounds may fare in later clinical stages, thus reducing cost and risk in drug development; (2) By characterizing existing drugs more thoroughly, we can discover novel off-label usages for existing drugs, thus expanding treatment options of FDA-approved compounds; (3) By understanding gene-drug-phenotype relationships one-by-one we can assemble a complete picture of drug-gene interactions, an important milestone in the development of personalized pharmacogenomics that would allow patient-specific treatment planning. To accomplish these goals, we will employ a novel yeast-based phenotypic screening platform and use data- driven ontologies to understand the similarities between drugs in the phenotype-gene space. Overall, this work will move us closer to a comprehensive understanding of how phenotypes arise from the genome and how complex relationships between genes and drugs shape our medical treatment strategies.