High Performance Image Processing Algorithms for Current and Future Mastcam Imagers

Period of Performance: 06/10/2016 - 06/09/2017

$125K

Phase 1 STTR

Recipient Firm

Applied Research LLC
9605 Medical Center Drive, Suite 113E
Rockville, MD 20850
Firm POC, Principal Investigator

Research Institution

University of Tennessee
1534 White Avenue
Knoxville, TN 37996
Institution POC

Abstract

We propose high performance image processing algorithms that will support current and future Mastcam imagers. The algorithms fuses the acquired Mastcam stereo images at different wavelengths to generate multispectral image cubes which can then be used for both anomaly detection and rough composition estimation from relatively longer distances when compared to LIBS instrument. To address the challenge in the stereo image alignment, we propose a two-step image registration approach. The first step consists of using the well-known RANSAC (Random Sample Consensus) technique for an initial image registration. The second step uses this roughly aligned image with RANSAC and the left camera image and applies a Diffeomorphic registration process. Diffeomorphic registration is formulated as a constrained optimization problem which is solved with a step-then-correct strategy. This second step allows to reduce the registration errors to subpixel levels and makes it possible to conduct reliable anomaly detection and composition estimation analyses with the constructed multispectral image cubes. Finally, in this framework, we provide a set of both conventional and state-of-the-art anomaly detection and composition estimation techniques to be applied to the generated Mastcam multispectral image cubes for guiding the Mars rover to interesting locations.