Quantifying Uncertainty in the Mechanical Performance of Additively Manufactured Parts Due to Material and Process Variation

Period of Performance: 06/16/2016 - 01/31/2017


Phase 1 STTR

Recipient Firm

Technical Data Analysis, Inc.
3190 Fairview Park Drive Array
Falls Church, VA 22042
Firm POC
Principal Investigator

Research Institution

Lawrence Livermore National Lab
P.O.Box 808
Livermore, CA 94551
Institution POC


TDA has teamed up with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory as its research institution collaborator to address the target STTR topic objective of quantifying the uncertainties in the mechanical behavior of the AM parts. To quantify uncertainties by minimizing both the computational burden and expensive testing and also overcoming the IP concerns, we propose a novel approach with three layered interconnected framework to include: fast simulations scaling between local model and full scale model, adaptive surrogate modeling using dimensionless variables, and critical supporting experiments.During Phase I efforts, TDA plans to develop a fully automated thermal-mechanical finite element numerical simulation tool to predict AM part intrinsic properties for variable input parameters. We follow an ICME framework for multi-scale AM simulation module consisting of a coarse-grain module for component level processing and a high fidelity module capturing material local behavior. We propose using an innovative data-driven stochastic framework to characterize the effect of material and process uncertainties on the mechanical performance of additively manufactured parts by focusing on Selective Laser Melting process (SLM) and Titanium alloy. We propose analytical approaches to predict of mechanical performance and also quantify uncertainty in the selected few mechanical performance parameters using a novel surrogate modeling technique.