An Integrated Device for Rapid Bacteremia Diagnosis from Whole Blood

Period of Performance: 07/01/2016 - 06/30/2017

$985K

Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Helixbind, Inc.
Marlborough, MA 01752
Principal Investigator

Abstract

? DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Bloodstream infections caused by bacteria are a leading cause of death in the US and accounts for almost 50% of all hospital deaths. Given that this disease accounts for 25% of all ICU usage, it is not only fatal but it is by far the costliestdisease to the American healthcare system, inducing an economic burden of $30B annually. Considering the rate at which the disease develops, early and targeted antibiotic treatment is the most crucial factor for improving patient outcome. The reality of the current situation, however, is troublesome: while proper treatment options are readily available, targeted antibiotic therapy is seldom administered early enough in the disease's time course to be of maximal benefit due to a lack of timely information. This is largely due to current diagnostic standards which require multiple time-consuming culturing steps, ultimately leading to a diagnostic delay as long as 2-5 days. As a consequence, physicians often resort to empirically designed broad-spectrum antibiotic 'cocktails' which are cost-intensive, less effective, increase complications, and significantly increase the prevalence of drug resistant pathogens. We have developed and validated with clinical specimens a Pathogen Identification (PID) assay that allows species-level identification of >90% of bacteremia-inducing pathogens directly from blood, thus removing the culturing barrier. Our PID assay employs a unique sample-preparation methodology combined with the innovative use of a synthetic nucleic acid analogue with unmatched kinetics and target detection capabilities. This application focuses on the automation of the entire workflow into a fully-integrated, sample-to-answer consumable enabling the completely automated identification of pathogens directly from phlebotomy specimens, in under 2 hours. We anticipate that the PID system we propose will have a profound clinical impact, both by providing a means to develop a hypothesis driven first-line intervention days faster than currently possible and by reducing the excessive and unnecessary use of antimicrobials. In order to succeed in this endeavor, we have put together a top-notch team including experts in assay development, synthetic nucleic acid analogues, the design & implementation of sample-to-answer diagnostics, and biomedical instrumentation. Additionally, we have enlisted key strategic advisors in clinical microbiology, surface chemistry, and nucleic acid analogues as well as successful entrepreneurs experienced in the commercialization of diagnostic devices. Together, we will build upon our impressive initial results, and develop an automated and culture-free PID system culminating in a performance assessment study with clinical specimens in collaboration with Tufts Medical Center. Having achieved our Specific Aims, we will develop deployable instrumentation/consumables and validate our diagnostic in preparation for the pivotal clinical trial.