High-Efficient Liquid Desiccant and Chloride Removal for Corrosion Mitigation and Control

Period of Performance: 04/04/2016 - 04/03/2018

$720K

Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Ail Research, Inc.
57 Hamilton Avenue, Suite 205
Hopewell, NJ 08525
Firm POC, Principal Investigator

Abstract

ABSTRACT: The Air Force spends $4.5 billion annually on aircraft maintenance related to corrosion. The source of this corrosion frequently is airborne chlorides that settle on metal parts and sensitive avionics and then absorb moisture from the air to create an electrolyte that promotes galvanic corrosion. The proposed work will design, fabricate and test a Corrosion Mitigation System (CMS) that supplies at least 75 lb/min of deeply dried and highly filtered air to parked or stored aircraft and aerospace ground equipment (AGE). The CMS will apply a technology that integrates liquid-desiccant contactors into a compressor-based, direct-expansion (DX) air conditioner to produce a system that can deliver air with a dewpoint that is more than 10 degree F lower than the air conditioners suction temperature (i.e., the proposed system will deliver deeply dried air with a dewpoint of 32 degree F while operating with a 44 degree F evaporator suction temperature. The high suction temperature reduces the work performed by the compressor leading to very low power requirements that are projected to be 40% to 50% below those of commercially available systems that perform a similar function. Once proven at the smaller scale, the liquid-desiccant CMS technology can be scaled up to become a highly efficient means of maintaining larger shelters at relative humidity below 40%. The technology will also be very competitive in the segment of the HVAC market that addresses humidity problems within buildings; BENEFIT: In addition to reducing the high maintenance cost imposed by chloride-induced corrosion, the technology at the core of a liquid-desiccant CMS will have import HVAC applications. High humidity frequently leads to an uncomfortable and unhealthy indoor environment. While corrosion may be less of a problem, humidity-induced mold can lead to very large maintenance bills for building owners. A version of the liquid-desiccant CMS that delivers large volumes of dry ventilation air could be a much lower cost alternative to technologies now used to control indoor humidity in very humid climates.