Differential Inversion and Optical Measure Theory for Remote Temperature Sensing

Period of Performance: 10/28/1989 - 10/28/1991

$499K

Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Caelum Research Corporation
1700 Research BoulevardSuite 250
Rockville, MD 20850
Principal Investigator

Abstract

THE RESEARCH WORK PROPOSED HERE IS DIRECTED TOWARDS RESEARCH IN PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATIONS OF HIGHLY INNOVATIVE DIFFERENTIAL INVERSION AND OPTICAL MEASURE THEORY FOR THE ROUTINE REDUCTION OF UPWELLING ATMOSPHERIC RADIANCES, AS MEASURED BY METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITES. APPLICATION OF THESE THEORETICAL ADVANCES AND ALGORITHMS WILL YIELD MEASUREMENTS OF THE VERTICAL TEMPERATURE STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE BASED ON THE UPWELLING RADIANCE MEASUREMENTS. THESE NEW ALGORITHMS ARE DERIVED FROM SIGNIFICANT ADVANCES IN INTEGRAL TRANSFORM THEORY AND ARE HIGHLY IMPORTANT FOR PRACTICAL USE OWING TO THEIR FREEDOM FROM BIAS IN DETERMINATION OF THE ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE PROFILE. DEVELOPMENT OF ROBUST, EFFICIENT OPERATIONAL ALGORITHMS UTILIZING THESE ADVANCES WILL HAVE GREAT PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE IN ALL FIELDS WHERE METEOROLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS ARE OF IMPORTANCE. SUCCESS OF APPLYING THIS RETRIEVAL ALGORITHM TO METEOROLOGICAL GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITES PROVIDE A GREAT HOPE OF SATISFYING THE METEOROLOGICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITES PUBLISHED BY A 1986 MEMORANDUM FROM THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF (MJCS 154-86).