Bright and Fast Sensors for Radioluminescence Microscopy of Single Living Cells

Period of Performance: 05/01/2016 - 03/31/2017

$753K

Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street Array
Watertown, MA 02472
Principal Investigator

Abstract

? DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Radioluminescence microscopy (RLM) is a newly developed method for imaging radionuclide uptake in live single cells. Current methods of radiotracer imaging are limited to measuring the average radiotracer uptake in large cell populations and, as a result, lack the ability to quantify cell-to-cell variations. With the new raio- luminescence microscopy technique, however, it is possible to visualize radiotracer uptake within individual cells in a fluorescence microscope environment. The goal of this project is to develop a revolutionary innovation in a key component used in this technique. This key part in the radioluminescence microscopy imaging system is the scintillator that converts ionizing beta radiation into optical photons that are imaged with a CCD camera. In this work, an improved scintillator will be developed, specifically for use in a radioluminescence microscopy system that will offer unprecedented sensitivity and spatial resolution. Such a technological advance has the potential for widespread use in research and in hospitals, providing a means to characterize how properties specific to individual cells (e.g. gene expression, cell cycle, cell damage, and cel morphology) affect the uptake and retention of radiotracers. Higher spatial resolution will allow single cells to be probed in situ, in dense tissue sections, and will dramatically improve the throughput of the instruments, allowing thousands of cells to be imaged at once. These new capabilities will be critical to help researchers better understand the behavior of rare single cels such as stem cells or drug-resistant cells. The work during Phase I was successful in demonstrating the significant RLM performance improvements with thin films of a new highly dense transparent scintillator, europium-activated lutetium oxide (Lu2O3:Eu). This material has the highest density (9.5 g/cm3) of any known scintillator, high effective atomic number (67.3), excellent light output, and an emission wavelength (610 nm) for which Si sensors have a very high quantum efficiency. Scintillator specimens were integrated into a radioluminescence microscope demonstrating improved performance and the feasibility of our approach. Our ultimate goal is to commercialize this technology as a radioluminescence-enabled imaging dish, which will have a standard form factor but will include a thin coating of the Lu2O3:Eu scintillatorat the bottom. As such, the technological innovation will provide a valuable new tool to researchers allowing unprecedented localization of radiotracer uptake down to single living cells. This new innovative technology will have widespread use as an addition to current fluorescence microscope instruments in use today and thus will have great commercial potential.