Microfabricated tool for integrated PK/PD studies of CNS drugs

Period of Performance: 04/01/2016 - 03/31/2017

$384K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Diagnostic Biochips, Inc.
Columbia, MD 21046
Principal Investigator

Abstract

? DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The specific aim of this proposal is to test the feasibility of developing a tool for the simultaneous and continuous measurement of pharmaceutical drug concentrations and electrophysiology recording in the brain for preclinical testing of central nervous system (CNS) drug candidates. The benefits of the proposed tool are three-fold: 1) improved method of performing in vivo pharmacokinetics (PK) studies with orders of magnitude improvements in spatial and temporal resolutions over microdialysis, 2) the ability to monitor physiological changes at the cellular level for improved understanding of pharmacodynamics (PD) and 3) the combination of these capabilities in a single tool reduces the number of animals needed for evaluation of a drug candidate. The proposed probe will detect lurasidone (Latuda) and measurements with the proposed probe will be directly compared with traditional PK techniques microdialysis, plasma draw, and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) draw to demonstrate utility in drug development. Through our use of aptamers as a detecting mechanism, this platform is extensible to monitor most any drug (MW~300 Da) in the brain. Currently, microdialysis is used to determine PK of drugs in the brain, but it is labor-intensive, error-prone, unsuitable for a significant number of drug candidates, and has low temporal resolution at 10-20 minutes per data point (Griffin et al., 2009; Loryan et al., 2014). Additionally, the proposed tool can monitor changes in neuronal firing, which is currently used to study the effect of marketed drugs and has been suggested as an effective way to improve the evaluation of drug candidates (Tan et al., 2010; Depoortere et al., 2005). The proposed tool combines PK and PD studies for improved scientific information and a reduction in required animals and labor. We will accomplish our specific aim by: 1) Fabricating silicon probes and functionalize with aptamers, 2) Selecting an aptamer against psychiatric drug lurasidone (Latuda), 3) Developing electronics for point-of-use neural recording and chemical sensing, and then 4) Performing in vivo studies with both the proposed sensor and traditional PK methods. Success in this Phase I feasibility study will be determined by will be determined by the accurate detection of physiologically relevant lurasidone concentrations and concomitant neural firing recording for 24 hours (typical during of a PK study, depending on drug half-life).