Telemetric Microsensor for Glaucoma

Period of Performance: 09/30/2015 - 09/29/2016

$161K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

H-cubed, Inc.
Olmsted Falls, OH 44138
Principal Investigator

Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Glaucoma is an optic nerve disease in which there is progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells leading to irreversible loss of vision. It is estimated o affect 2% of the general population. More than 2.3 million Americans are affected with glaucoma and it is estimated to account for nearly $3B in direct medical costs. It is estimated that 4% of Caucasian patients and 8% of African-American patients will experience blindness due to glaucoma. It is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. High intraocular pressure (IOP) is the single largest, as well as the only modifiable, risk factor associated with glaucoma. Measuring and reducing IOP to levels that reduce the progression of visual field loss and nerve degradation is the current management approach for glaucoma. Typical treatment consists of IOP measurement in a clinical setting with a drug therapy of self-administered eye drops such as timolol and latanoprost. During periodic follow-ups, IOP and eye health is assessed and medication is adjusted as necessary until further progression is stopped or reduced. Reproducible and accurate IOP measurements are a critically important element of disease management. Goldman Applanation Tonometry (GAT) is the standard for measuring IOP. The most significant limitations of GAT are that it provides an indirect IOP measurement and only measures IOP at a single moment in time. However, even with these limitations, GAT has remained the gold standard for measuring IOP in the management of glaucoma. To overcome this, we propose the use of a micro-miniature, telemetric pressure sensor device for measuring IOP continuously and directly. As such, for the Phase I project we propose the following Specific Aims: (1) Demonstrate a low-profile micro pressure sensor with 0.5 mmHg accuracy;and (2) Establish microcoil designs on flexible substrates for wireless telemetric communication.