Cellular-resolution multi-region optical recording of neural activity with wide-field two-photon microscopy

Period of Performance: 09/23/2015 - 03/22/2016

$225K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Vidrio Technologies, LLC
ASHBURN, VA 20147
Principal Investigator

Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Objectives and optics for are rapidly evolving to allow wider and wider FOVs for two photon laser scanning microscopes (2PLSM). This development introduces a new challenge: point-by- point raster scanning over the entirety of the FOV requires the experimenter to sacrifice either single-cell sensitivity (because of faster scanning rates required to cover the larger field in the same amount of time) or temporal resolution (because of scanning at the same speed and thus taking longer to cover the FOV), or both. This tradeoff will be a major pain point for neuroscience labs moving to wide-FOV 2PLSM, and a major hindrance to harvesting the scientific benefits of wide-FOV 2PLSM. Current 2PLSM systems use two scanners in series;either two galvanometer based scanners or an 8-12kHz resonant scanner paired with a galvanometer scanner. Such scanner combinations allow addressable X-Y point-by-point laser scanning at video rates for small FOV. For larger FOV it is desirable to divide the FOV into smaller regions of interest to achieve higher scanning rates that retain cellular resolution and sensitivity. The work described in this proposal will produce a nove 2PLSM three scanner hardware solution that will help address this challenge. Combining a resonant (R) scanner with a galvanometer scanner (G) pair provides a means to perform faster scans in arbitrary rectangular regions of interest within a FOV. Vidrio Technologies'patent pending RGG scanning assembly will be a compact, plug-and-play system that will easily integrate into existing 2PLSM systems. The software required to drive this new scanner assembly will be added to Vidrio's existing and popular 2PLSM imaging software ScanImage. The multi-region of interest imaging approach we describe, is designed to scale up with the rapidly expanding reach of 2PLSM cellular resolution brain activity imaging thus providing a long term solution for large FOV imaging.