Glycosaminoglycan-Cytokine Inhibitors for Arthritis Therapy

Period of Performance: 04/01/2015 - 03/31/2016

$225K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Gismo Therapeutics, Inc.
Howard Beach, NY 11414
Principal Investigator

Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In rheumatoid arthritis, dysregulation of both the adaptive (T and B cells) and the innate (dendritic cells, macrophages, neutrophils) immune responses result in a complex network of cytokines, chemokines and growth factors that initiate and perpetuate the pathogenesis of the disease. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a proangiogenic and proinflammatory cytokine which is elevated in the synovium of RA patients and which contributes to the pathology of the disease. Inhibitors of VEGF have been shown to suppress disease symptoms in animal models of RA. Recent advances in the understanding of the biologic activity of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) led us to explore a hitherto unknown mechanism of drug action and to identify new small molecule therapeutics targeting chemokines and cytokines. Chemokines such as IL-8 or MCP-3 bind to GAGs to form chemokine gradients in the extracellular matrix. Cytokines such as VEGF also require binding to GAGs for full biological activity. Such cytokines and chemokines mediate inflammation in RA. We have identified a number of novel compounds that selectively inhibit pro-inflammatory chemokine and cytokine interactions with GAGs in vitro. One such compound, GTC-2380 was found to selectively inhibit VEGF-GAG binding at an IC50 = 0.14 M and to inhibit acute inflammatory responses in vivo in both carrageenan-induced paw edema and delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) animal models, and also to inhibit disease symptoms in an adjuvant arthritis animal model of RA. The aims of this Phase I study are to;(i) further optimize the GTC-2380 chemical series via medicinal chemistry for the purpose of improving the solubility and in vivo activity of the compounds resulting in at least two compounds of improved activity (Aim 1);and (ii) perform in vivo experiments with at least two lead compounds in two animal models of RA, adjuvant arthritis and collagen-induced arthritis (Aim 2). These efforts will lead to the generation of a preclinical development candidate for IND- enabling studies which, if Phase I is successful, will be the aim of a Phase II proposal. As with any drug which may interfere with innate immunity, increased susceptibility to infection is an issue and will be fully addressed in the safety pharmacology studies in Phase II. It is felt that the selectivity of these compounds will minimize the negative impact on normal immune function. This research program aims to develop a novel therapeutic with an improved benefit/risk profile for reducing pain, inflammation and swelling, and for preventing joint destruction and disability in RA patients when compared to known DMARDs.