Chemically Bonded Ceramics (cbc) for Armor Applications

Period of Performance: 01/01/1988 - 12/31/1988

$495K

Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Cemcom Research Assoc., Inc.
1919 HALETHORPE FARMS ROAD
Baltimore, MD 21227
Principal Investigator

Abstract

THE OBJECT OF THE PHASE II PROGRAM IS TO DEMONSTRATE THE POTENTIAL OF CHEMICALLY BONDED CERAMICS (CBC) FOR USE IN LIGHTWEIGHT, LOW COST ARMOR APPLICATIONS. BASED ON INEXPENSIVE INORGANIC MATERIALS PROCESSED AT AMBIENT TEMPERATURES, CBC'S OFFER UNIQUE COST-PERFORMANCE ADVANTAGES OVER CONVENTIONAL ARMOR MATERIALS (METALS, REINFORCED PLASTICS, HIGH TEMPERATURE CERAMICS). IN ADDITION, THE LOW TEMPERATURE FORMABILITY AND INHERENT INCOMBUSTIBILITY PROVIDES NOVEL OPPORTUNITIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF REACTIVE ARMOR CONCEPTS UTILIZING EXPLOSIVE COMPONENTS. DURING THE PRELIMINARY PERFORMANCE (AGAINST FRAGMENTS SIMULATING PROJECTILES) COMPETITIVE WITH WROUGHT ALUMINUM ARMOR ON A COST-WEIGHT BASIS, AND WITH EXCELLENT MULTI-HIT CAPABILITY. THE MORE COMPREHENSIVE PHASE II PROGRAM WILL DEVELOP CBC ARMOR COMPOSITES (BOTH PASSIVE AND REACTIVE) WHICH WILL BE TESTED AND OPTIMIZED AGAINST A WIDER RANGE OF PROJECTILES INCLUDING ARMOR PIERCING, KINETIC ENERGY AND CHEMICAL ENERGY TYPE THREATS (SHAPED CHARGE JETS). THESE COMPOSITES WILL FORM A FOUNDATION FOR ARMOR SYSTEMS DESIGN FOR SPECIFIC MILITARY APPLICATIONS DURING THE LATTER PART OF PHASE II, LEADING ULTIMATELY TO COMMERCIALIZATION DURING PHASE III.