Endotoxin Neutralization as a Biomonitor for HIV Disease Progression

Period of Performance: 09/01/2014 - 02/28/2015

$150K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Biodtech, Inc.
Nashville, AL 35209
Principal Investigator

Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Endotoxin neutralization in human plasma is an excellent indicator of chronic immune activation, which is the most accurate predictor of mortality in HIV. Recently we developed an assay using endotoxin neutralization as an indicator of bacterial translocation. This assay is accurate in discriminating control patients from those with inflammatory bowel disease in addition to indicating disease severity. We propose to adapt our endotoxin neutralization assay for the evaluation of HIV disease severity and progression. In the 6 month Phase I part of the SBIR project, we will (1) collect plasma from 20 19-50 year old HIV-positive males and an equivalent number of demographically similar HIV-negative male subjects and test for viral load and CD4+ T cell count, (2) measure the levels of specific plasma markers indicative of bacterial translocation, immune system activation and/or inflammatory response, and (3) measure immune activation using our endotoxin neutralization biomarker monitor system. Once a neutralization profile of each sample is established, Pearson correlation will be used to determine the relationship between endotoxin neutralization and all factors established in the first two aims. Student's T-test will be used to determine statistical significance between HIV- positive and control groups. The results from Phase I will show whether our endotoxin neutralization system is a convenient, reproducible and inexpensive method to assess the severity of HIV disease. In Phase II of the project, we will use our system to monitor patients over a 1-2 year period to correlate endotoxin neutralization with treatment.