Development and Validation of test for Gastro-esophageal Reflux with Aspiration

Period of Performance: 08/05/2013 - 07/31/2014

$340K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Aradigm Corporation
HAYWARD, CA 94545
Principal Investigator
Principal Investigator

Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Although recurrent microaspiration of refluxed gastric fluid ("GER with microaspiration") is suspected in the onset and course of many diseases of the lungs and airways, the lack of a non-invasive, direct test for its occurrence has hampered research on its importance. Complicating assessment is its nocturnal occurrence, when sleep interferes with protective reflexes. The tests currently available, esophageal manometry and 24h pH monitoring, or scintigraphy, are expensive, technically difficult and indirect, or involve radioactive material. We have identified two compounds poorly absorbed systemically after ingestion;both are approved for human use and have few side effects. One is well absorbed from the lungs and airways and excreted in urine. The other is not absorbed from the lungs and airways, but can be prepared in monodisperse insoluble particles. We accordingly propose to examine whether overnight oral administration of the first drug results in greater quantities being detected in urine from 10 patients thought to have recurrent GER with microaspiration than from 5 healthy controls. We also propose to examine in the same subjects whether administration of the second substance as a suspension of particles results in different quantities being detected in sputum collected overnight and induced the following morning. We will examine the concordance of the findings when the drugs are given together - the particles of the second substance suspended in a solution of the first. If this pilot study is promising, we will propose Phase II studies to refine the methods and examine them in larger numbers of subjects.