Silicon Carbide Quasi-Bipolar Junction Transistor (QBJT)-Based boost converter platform for up-tower wind applications

Period of Performance: 01/01/2013 - 12/31/2013

$150K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Genesic Semiconductor, Inc.
43670 Trade Center Place Suite 155
Dulles, VA 20166
Principal Investigator
Firm POC

Abstract

SiC power electronics are ideally suited for reducing the size and weight of power electronics systems that are used in wind power converters. Present power electronics systems require large transformers which operate a modest frequencies that prevents their use on top of the turbine tower. The electrical parasitics introduced by the interconnections between wind turbine and power conversion electronics limits the efficiency and usability of power electronics. Direct grid connection of the wind turbine is not possible due to these limitations. Leveraging a strong expertise in & gt; 10 kV capable SiC power Quasi-Bipolar Junction Transistor (QBJT) device designs and ultra-high frequency power conversion enabled by SiC SJTs, this proposed SBIR program will demonstrate an unprecedented compactness and efficiencies in wind power conversion circuits by leveraging SiC QBJT and Super Junction Transistor (SJT) for up-tower wind energy applications. This topology makes use of the newly developed 1200 V, 50 A SiC SJT and 13 kV, 10 A SiC QBJT for this application. The 690 V, 3- phase output of the wind turbine converter system is interfaced with the 13.8 kV, 60 Hz, 3-phase medium voltage distribution grid using this topology. The use of SiC based SJT devices will result in very small loss (high efficiency) for the overall power conversion system. The proposed power conversion system is for 1 MVA system but can be easily scaled up to 3.5 MW (typical large wind turbine ratings). This research will usher a new generation of high-voltage SiC circuits, which will find widespread application in utility-scale power conversion, rail traction and medical equipment. Successful implementation of the proposed technology will dramatically improve the performance and reliability of power electronics in renewable energy applications and Smart Grid elements. This in turn will increase market acceptance of these high-end products and thereby drive jobs creation in the US.