Novel Oxidizer for Ammonium Perchlorate Replacement

Period of Performance: 11/20/2012 - 05/21/2014


Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

NALAS Engineering Services Inc.
85 Westbrook Road Array
Centerbrook, CT 06409
Principal Investigator


ABSTRACT: The DoD requires increased performance and increased density solid propellants for use on boost, strategic and tactical missile systems, however, simultaneously attaining higher energy and density while maintaining satisfactory physical properties is an extremely challenging goal. Current ingredients are incapable of imparting the desired performance and insensitivity. Because of sporadic, short-term funding in advanced energetic ingredient research over the past 20 years and the lack of a coordinated, sustained national effort; few new ingredients have surfaced. Concurrently, the level of research effort has declined steadily in the USA and research chemists in this critical defense area represent a declining workforce. Meanwhile, efforts in Russia and the People s Republic of China have remained high and have accelerated dramatically. In order to meet and compete in this technology challenge, and to avoid technological surprise, focused efforts are needed to identify, synthesize, and characterize new ingredient oxidizers to increase the energy and density of formulated solid propellant mixtures while meeting other required attributes defined by the DoD/NASA/US Industry s IHPRPT Program Phase III goals and beyond. Nalas is focused on the synthesis of an AP replacement based on the elaboration of the diaminofurazan motif. BENEFIT: Our objectives for Phase II are in continuation with our recent successes and aimed at addressing important technological gaps identified during Phase I. Specifically, we project to synthesize a novel oxidizer and deliver multi-gram quantities to the Air Force Research team. In parallel to these efforts, we will develop innovative methods to produce sustainable processes for the production of DAF and ANF. These deliveries will require the engineering of optimized chemical processes, and answer the problem associated with the supply of these important chemicals. All materials have excellent potential for commercialization to CONUS sources.