Lightweight Trauma Module

Period of Performance: 12/14/2001 - 06/14/2002

$90.3K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Impact Instrumentation, Inc.
27 Fairfield Place
West Caldwell, NJ 07006
Principal Investigator

Abstract

The proposed research is intended to evaluate the feasibility of a lightweight medical equipment and supplies module for the treatment of trauma patients. This module will consist of interlocking and interchangeable functional modules, or their equivalent, that can attach to, or detach from, a standard military stretcher (litter) without tools and with attendant medical personnel wearing standard issue gloves. The subject module is intended to provide an innovative solution to the need for providing a continuity of trauma care to patients. Such care can range from battlefield to rear echelon facilities and involve medical personnel with various levels of training and expertise. The commercial applicability of this module is well suited for what is now referred to as "homeland defense" and emergency disaster management. The consensus opinion of U.S. susceptibility to weapons of mass destruction (WMD), particularly those consisting of chemical and/or biological agents is no longer considered an improbability, but rather a question of where and when such an event will occur. As the country continues to model and plan its proposed response and reaction to such events, the logistical deployment of equipment and supplies will prove to be a major task. As major disasters have shown, the need for immediate support to supplement overwhelmed local resources is a very high priority. The commercial applicability of this modular system is well suited for what is referred to as "homeland defense" and emergency disaster management. The ability to deploy comprehensive medical logistical support in a timely and focused manner has a direct effect on survival outcomes. It is a well-established fact, that local resources become quickly and hopelessly overwhelmed. The modular system is a means by which logisticians can quickly and easily quantify support items based on need and then have these items rapidly deployed and placed into use. The on-scene level-of-care improves dramatically, as chaos transforms into coherence - immediate medical care becomes available and the orderly transfer of patients from site becomes possible. Development of a simple-yet-sophisticated, self-contained, automatic ventilator for the treatment of traumatized patients has been lacking ever since the first automatic transport ventilator was introduced more than 25-years ago. The advent of Automatic External Defibrillators (AED's) has resulted in automated equipment becoming available for emergency defibrillation without its user being highly skilled or even knowledgeable in medical care. The result has been reports of lives being saved every day. This project will result in the development of a self-contained, automatic ventilator, the operational equivalent of an AED that will do for emergency breathing, what an AED does for cardiac rhythm.