Project PREPARE: Preparing preschoolers and kindergartners who are deaf to learn to read by teaching them early critical service words typically visually and linguistically inaccessible to them through a computer-based instruction product

Period of Performance: 01/01/2004 - 12/31/2004


Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

HOPE, Inc.
1856 North 1200 East
North Logan, UT 84341
Principal Investigator
Firm POC


Children with significant hearing loss continually exhibit low reading levels, due in part to the difficulty they face upon entering school of understanding basal reading vocabulary, especially early critical ¿service words.¿ Service words are those words that cannot be learned through the use of pictures or objects (e.g., apple) but that constitute up to 75% of all words used in basal readers. Service words consist of prepositions, conjunctions, articles, adverbs, verbs, adjectives, and pronouns. Deaf children, in preparation for school, have an especially difficult time learning these words because they cannot easily hear them or see the meanings and referents for these words, and because of their lack of visual exposure to these words from persons around them who use Total Communication (sign with speech) or American Sign Language. Project