USING MULTIPLEXED LUMINESCENCE TO EXTEND BIOASSAY CAPABILITIES

Period of Performance: 01/01/1997 - 12/31/1997

$299K

Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Promega Corporation
2800 Woods Hollow Road
Madison, WI 53711
Principal Investigator

Abstract

CURRENT LUMINESCENCE BIOASSAYS RELY SOLELY UPON MESUREMENT OF LUMINESCENCE INTENSITY TO GENERATE INFORMATION. MULTIPLE COLORS FROM BEETLE LUCIFERASE HAS CREATED THE OPPORTUNITY TO INCREASE ASSAY INFORMATION CONTENT BY USING MULTIPLEXING TECHNIQUES TO MEASURE LIGHT INTENSITIES AT DIFFERENT WAVELENGTHS. THIS PROVIDES GREATER ASSAY RELIABILITY, PRECISION, AND ABILITY TO MEASURE CONCURRENT MOLECULAR EVENTS. THE EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE OF BEETLE LUCIFERASE ENZYMES IN BIOASSAY METHODS YIELDS THE HIGHEST QUANUM EFFICIENCY OF ANY LUMINESCENCE METHODOLOGY, AND DEMONSTRATES SUPERIOR PRECISION, LINEARITY, AND RAPIDITY. TO FURTHER ASSESS THE FEASIBILITY OF USING MULTIPLEXING TO INCRASE THE COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL OF BIOLUMINESCENCE ASSAYS, RESEARCHERS ARE IDENTIFYING NOVEL SUBSTITUTIONS THAT REGULATE COLOR BY EXAMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AMINO ACID SUBSTITUTIONS IN THE PRIMARY STRUCTURES OF BETLE LUCIFERASES TO THE ENZYMES' SPECTRAL PROPERTISE.