Intraspecific IHN Resistance in Rainbow Trout and Steelhead

Period of Performance: 01/01/1995 - 12/31/1995

$55K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Clear Springs Foods, Inc.
P. O. Box 712
Buhl, ID 83316
Firm POC

Abstract

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN) is a highly infectious rhabdoviral disease of important species of trout and salmon, both cultured commercially and as part of Federal and State sport fisheries and enhancement programs. There are presently no proven or accepted mehtods for prevention or treatment of IHN. Under the intensive culture conditions of aquaculture, IHN virus (IHNV) can cause significant losses at nearly all stages of production. The results from preliminary studies suggest that intraspecific variation for IHNV resistance exists in rainbow trout, steelhead, and reciprocal corsses and this may be useful in breeding used to enhance for this trait. In addition to evaluating select crosses for IHNV resistance, molecular approaches will be used to identify genes associated with resistance. We anticipate demonstrating the feasibility of using PCR based RAPD analysis to identify unique genetic differences between trout groups differing in the IHNV susceptibility phenotype and to develop an initial set of markets for detailed genetic analyses during the second phase of these studies.