THE USE OF ULTRA VIOLET RADIATION TO IMPROVE CHIPS USED IN NEURAL NETWORKS

Period of Performance: 01/01/1991 - 12/31/1991

$225K

Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Tanner Research
34 Lexington Avenue Array
Ewing, NJ 08618
Principal Investigator

Abstract

ANALOG QUANTITIES IN ON-CHIP LONG-TERM STORAGE CAN BE USED TO COMPENSATE FOR FABRICATION VARIATIONS AND TO PROVIDE VARIABLE SYNAPSES IN NEURAL NETWORKS. THE VOLTAGE ON FLOATING POLYSILICON GATES OF A STANDARD CMOS INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CAN BE SET BY SHINING UNIFORM ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT ON THE CHIP AND ARRANGING THE CIRCUIT TOPOLOGY AND GEOMETRY SO THAT NEARBY ACTIVE AREAS HAVE THE CORRECT VOLTAGES. THIS TECHNIQUE IS CURRENTLY UNDER INVESTIGATION FOR NULLING OUT OFFSET VOLTAGES OF AMPLIFIERS DUE TO TRANSISTOR MISMATCHES IN INTEGRATED CIRCUITS FABRICATED WITH ORDINARY CMOS PROCESSES. WE WILL CONTINUE THIS LINE OF RESEARCH AND ALSO INVESTIGATE THE USE OF A SIMILAR TECHNIQUE TO SET THE WEIGHT OF SYNAPSESIN A HOPFIELD STYLE NEURAL NETWORK. IF POSSIBLE, WE WILL USE THE INCREMENTAL NATURE OF THE UV-INDUCED CURRENT IN A LEARNING ALGORITHM. A BUILT IN LEARNING ALGORITHM WILL ALSO COMPENSATE FOR VARIATIONS IN NEURON AMPLIFIERS DUE TO FABRICATION IRREGULARITIES. OUR EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION TECHNIQUE WILL RELY HEAVILY ON DESIGN, FABRICATION, AND TESTING OF SMALL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS. WE WILL FOCUS ON OVERCOMING CIRCUIT PROBLEMS AND PRODUCING WORKING LABORATORY PROTOTYPES. TEST CHIPS WILL BE FABRICATED THROUGH MOSIS.