Compact, Low Cost APD Arrays with Built-in Optical Amplification

Period of Performance: 01/01/2004 - 12/31/2004


Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Epitaxial Technologies, LLC
1450 South Roling Road
Baltimore, MD 21227
Principal Investigator
Firm POC


The overall goal of the proposed program by Epitaxial Technologies is to develop a compact, low-cost, low power, low noise and ultra-sensitive Avalanche Photo Diode (APD) arrays with built-in optical pre-amplification (in addition to internal electrical gain) and having a fill factor and bandwidth of 90% and 5.0 GHz respectively. We will accomplish this by developing novel APD structures and integrating the APDs with vertical cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers (VCSOAs). In Phase I of this project, we will design, model and simulate the performance of the APD arrays with built-in optical pre-amplification having -47 dBm sensitivity and lower noise than existing APD operating at 1550 nm. We will design and fabricate the 4 x 4 photodetector array with internal optical gain of 20 dB and assess its performance. In Phase II, we will design, fabricate and test the 256 x 256 arrays along with monolithic photoreceivers using detectors having built-in optical preamplifier and internal gain. In particular, we will combine photodetector arrays having built-in optical preamplifier with the Readout Integrated Circuits (ROIC) using an innovative bonding technique at the wafer level, in order to demonstrate single photon counting by operating in the Geiger-mode for solid state imaging LADAR receivers.