Nanostructured MnO2-Based Cathodes for Li-Polymer Batteries

Period of Performance: 01/01/2001 - 12/31/2001

$69.9K

Phase 1 SBIR

Recipient Firm

NEI Corp.
201 Circle Drive North, Suite 102/103
Piscataway, NJ 08873
Principal Investigator
Firm POC

Abstract

The objective of the proposed program is to develop high capacity nanostructured LixMnO2 cathode materials with a layered structure, which is stable over a wide range of lithiation. Layered LixMnO2 is a very attractive cathode material for aerospace applications because of its high theoretical capacity ( 300 Ah/kg), low cost and low toxicity. In the proposed approach, doped MnO2 nanoparticles will be produced by our patented vapor phase process. MnO2 sheets will be stabilized by an electrochemically active cation, which will restrict the movement of Mn ions. The unique feature of our vapor phase process is its ability to produce ¿kinetically stabilized¿ nanoparticles, which lead to exceptional energy densities, e.g. 900 Wh/kg in case of our V2O5 nanoparticles. In Phase I, electrochemical properties of cathodes fabricated using doped-MnO2 nanoparticles will be evaluated by working with our industrial partner. These materials will lead to Li-polymer batteries with high energy densities (> 250 Wh/kg) and a long cycle life (> 250). In Phase II, prototype batteries will be fabricated and tested for performance, along with optimization and scaling of the powder synthesis process. In Phase III, the newly developed materials will be implemented in commercial batteries.