JOINED WING AIRCRAFT

Period of Performance: 01/01/1984 - 12/31/1984

$680K

Phase 2 SBIR

Recipient Firm

Aca Industries, Inc.
28603 Trailriders Drive
Rancho Palos Verde, CA 90274
Principal Investigator

Abstract

THE JOINED WING IS A NEW TYPE OF AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATION WHICH EMPLOYS TANDEM WINGS ARRANGED TO FORM DIAMOND SHAPES IN BOTH PLAN AND FRONT VIEWS. WIND TUNNEL TESTS AND FINITE- ELEMENT STRUCTURAL ANALYSES SHOW THAT THE JOINED WING PROVIDES THE FOLLOWING ADVANTAGES OVER A COMPARABLE CONVENTIONAL WING: LIGHTER WEIGHT AND HIGHER STIFFNESS, LESSINDUCED DRAG, LOWER WAVE DRAG, HIGHER TRIMMED MAXIMUM LIFT COEFFICIENT, PLUSBUILT-IN DIRECT LIFT AND SIDEFORCE CAPABILITY. THE PHASE I WORK ADDRESSES THE FEASABILTY OF TESTING A MANNED, LOW-COST, JOINED WING RESEARCH AIRCRAFT OF APPROXIAMATELY 32 FT SPAN TO BE CONSTRUCTED DURING PHASE II AND TESTED IN FLIGHT AND IN NASA WIND TUNNELS. SEVERAL CANDIDATE VEHICLES ARES STUDIED, INCLUDING ONE EMPLOYING A FUSELAGE IDENTICAL TO THAT OF THE AD-1 OBLIQUE WING RESEARCH AIRCRAFT.